A match is played by two teams, each consisting of not more than eleven players,
one of whom is the goalkeeper. A match may not start if either team consists of
than seven players.
-A player who has been sent off before the kick-off may be replaced only
by one of the named substitutes.
A player must not use equipment
or wear anything that is dangerous to himself or
another player (including any kind of jewellery).
Players are not allowed to use tape to cover jewellery. Taping jewellery is not
Rings, earrings, leather or rubber bands are not necessary to
play and the only
they can bring about is injury.
Shinguards are to be covered entirely by the stockings;must be made of a
(rubber, plastic, or similar substances); and provide a
reasonable degree of
Each match is
controlled by a referee who has full authority to enforce the Laws of
the Game in connection with the match to which he has been appointed.
The match lasts two equal
periods of 45 minutes, unless otherwise mutually
the referee and the two participating teams. Any agreement to alter
(for example to reduce each half to 40 minutes because of
must be made before
the start of play and must comply with
A coin is tossed and the team
that wins the toss decides which goal it will attack in
the first half of the match.The team that wins the toss takes the kick-off to
the second half of the match.
A goal may be scored directly from the kick-off.
A direct free kick is awarded
to the opposing team if a player commits any of the
following six offences
in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless
-kicks or attempts to kick an
-trips or attempts to trip an opponent
-jumps at an opponent
-charges an opponent
-strikes or attempts to strike an opponent
-pushes an opponent
A direct free kick is also
awarded to the opposing team if a player
commits any of the following four offences:
tackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball, making contact with the
before touching the ball holds an opponent, spits at an opponent, handles the
Examples on bookable offence (yellow
- is guilty of unsporting behaviour
- shows dissent by word or action
- persistently infringes the Laws of the Game
- delays the restart of play
- fails to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner
- enters or re-enters the field of play without The Referee’s permission
- deliberately leaves the field of play without The Referee’s permission.
Red card/sending off
1. is guilty of serious foul play
2. is guilty of violent conduct
3. spits at an opponent or any other person
4. denies the opposing team a goal or an obvious goalscoring opportunity by
handling the ball (this does not apply to a goalkeeper within his own
5. denies an obvious goalscoring opportunity to an opponent moving towards
goal by an offence punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick
6. uses offensive or insulting or abusive language and/or gestures
7. receives a second caution in the same match.
Throw in: the player should;
faces the field of play;
has part of each foot either on the touch line or on the ground outside the
uses both hands
delivers the ball from behind and over his head
The thrower may not touch the ball again until it has touched another player.
The ball is placed inside the corner arc at the nearest corner flagpost.
The corner flagpost is not moved.
Opponents remain at least 9.15 m (10 yds) from the ball until it is in play.
The ball is kicked by a player of the attacking team.
The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves.
The kicker does not play the ball a second time until it has touched another